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Childhood Cancer

Warning Signs of the Top 4 Childhood Cancers

There is a vast difference between childhood and adult cancers. Environmental risk factors and lifestyle factors are among the key reasons for adult cancer. This is not the case with childhood cancers as DNA changes in cells are considered to be the key reasons why childhood cancers develop.

The good news is that there have been significant advancements in child cancer treatments and a majority of children can survive for a relatively long time. However, cancer is one of the leading causes of early death among children.

It can sometimes be extremely hard to diagnose cancers during an early stage. Everyday bruises and bumps are among a few things that sometimes mask cancer, making it difficult to identify.

Let us take a closer look at the different kinds of cancers in children. We will also take a close look at the warning signs for each of them.

1.    Brain Tumors

You might find it shocking that almost 27 percent of childhood cancers are brain tumors. Numerous forms of brain tumors are prevalent in children, and the treatments are incredibly different as well.

The lower part of a child’s brain is where most brain tumors develop. The brain stem or the cerebellum are the parts where doctors find most child brain tumors. There are vast differences between the brain tumors in children and adults; however, their symptoms mostly remain the same.

Symptoms

  • Frequent vomiting
  • Problems in hearing, speech, and vision
  • Balance problems
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches

2.    Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

ALL is the most common form of childhood cancer. This cancer is prevalent in males between the ages of 2 and 4.  What makes leukemia so lethal is that it begins inside the bone marrow and advances to your blood and then your organs. Doctors have found out that every one out of four leukemia case is acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Symptoms

  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Bleeding
  • Weakness
  • Joint and bone pain
  • Fatigue

3.    Wilms Tumor

Kidneys are where the Wilms tumor develops, and it is the most common kidney cancer in children. Wilms tumor mostly develops in a single kidney; however, there have been some cases where it has developed in both. Wilms tumor is common in children between the ages of 3 and 6.

Symptoms

  • Poor appetite
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Fever
  • Lump or swelling in the belly

4.    Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is common in children under the ages of 5. This cancer attacks a child’s immature nerve cells. Neuroblastoma is rarely found in females and is prevalent in males. Only one or two percent of children diagnosed with neuroblastoma have a family history of this disease.

Symptoms

  • High blood pressure
  • Diarrhea
  • Pain in different parts of the body
  • Change in your eyes (Droopy eyelids, dark circles, and bulging eyes)
  • Impaired walking ability

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